Dr. ​Gianluca Sarri
Reader in Physics at Queen's University Belfast, UK
Research activity: projects, publications, conferences
Government-funded projects
  • ​​QUB Astronomy and Theory Consolidated Grant

      Funding body:      Science and Technology Facility Council (STFC)
             -    Duration:                01/01/2017 → 01/01/2020  
    ​         -    Value:                       2,371,437 £
             -    Synopsis:                The present grant covers a wide range of fundamental aspects in astronomy and astrophysics. In particular,

                                                       our committment is to study hard x-ray irradiation and photo-ionisation in the laboratory, in conditions of
                                                       relevance to the atmosphere of powerful astrophysical objects such as quasars

  • ​​Ultra-fast nano-scale material response to radiation and applications

              -     Funding body:      Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
             -    Duration:                01/03/2017 → 28/02/2021
                  -    Value:                       1,389,644 £
                  -    Synopsis:                The Centre for Plasma Physics is internationally leading in the exploitation of intense lasers and laser driven
                                                             ultrafast radiation sources. This platform grant will allow strategic exploitation of the developments seeded
                                                             in the previous, highly successful platform grant. 

                  -     Links:                        1. EPSRC website

  • ​​Dynamics of relativistic leptonic jets in low-density plasmas

          -     Funding body:      Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
          -      Duration:                01/08/2013 → 31/08/2015
         -     Value:                       98,423 £
         -     Synopsis:                Matter - antimatter plasmas constitute a unique state of matter that, whilst elusive to be generated in the                                                                     laboratory, is thought to be present in iconic astrophysical environments and play a major role in their dynamics.                                                       Using high-intensity lasers, we aim at generating the first neutral electron-positron plasma in the laboratory and                                                       study its dynamics in conditions of relevance to astrophysics.  

         -     Links:                        1. EPSRC website
                                                            2. Related main publication

  • ​​​Collimated and neutral electron-positron plasmas in the laboratory

          -     Funding body:      Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
         -    Duration:                01/12/2015 → 01/12/2016

         -    Value:                        28,273 £
         -    Synopsis:                 With the present project we aim at generating pencil-like, collimated jets of matter-antimatter plasma, closely                                                             mimicking astrophysical jets. These events are the largest single event in the Universe, and their dynamics is                                                               largely unexplored, due to the difficulty in extracting the relevant physical parameters from astrophysical                                                                       observations. This grant mainly funds experiments to be carried out using the HERCULES laser hosted by                                                                     Michigan University, currently the most intense laser world-wide.

         -     Links:                        1. EPSRC website

  • TARANIS-X a few-fs, high power, laser system

          -    Funding body:      Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
          -    Duration:                01/04/2015 → 31/03/2016

          -    Value:                        1,040,000 £
          -    Synopsis:                 With the present 1M pound grant, we will upgrade our existing laser system, TARANIS, to generate                                                                                  unprecedented sub-10fs laser pulses with energies exceeding 1 J. This system will be unique world-wide and will                                                      allow for novel studies of matter out of equilibrium on ultra-short time-scales.

         -     Links:                        1. EPSRC website


  • Laboratory studies of neutral and collimated electron-positron beams

          -    Funding body:        Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
         -   Duration:                  01/11/2016 → 31/10/2019

         -   Value:                         414,351 £
         -   Synopsis:                  With the present 0.5 M pound grant, we will perform the first experimental studies of the dynamics of neutral                                                             matter-antimatter plasmas in the laboratory. These experiments will closely mimick the propagation of                                                                           astrophysical jets through the intergalactic medium, and help understand key physical processes, such as the                                                               emission of strong gamma-ray bursts.

         -     Links:                        1. EPSRC website

  • Selected publications (last refreshed: Apr. 2019)    
      Overall peer-reviewed publications: 90  (for a full list visit my Goggle Scholar profile )
         Web of Science citations: 1582. h-index: 23
         Google Scholar citations: 2142. h-index: 26

   1. A. Alejo et al., Laser-driven high-quality positron sources as possible injectors for plasma-based accelerators
        Scientific Reports 9, 5279 (2019)

   2. K. Poder et al. Experimental signatures of the quantum nature of radiation reaction in the field of an ultra-intense laser
         Physical Review X 8, 031004 (2018)

    3. J. Cole et al.
High-resolution micro-CT of a mouse embryo using a compact laser-driven X-ray betatron source

          PNAS 115, 6335 (2018)

    4. J. Cole et al., Experimental evidence of radiation reaction in the collision of a high-intensity laser pulse with a laser-wakefield                                 accelerated electron beam 
           Physical Review X 8 , 011020 (2018)

    5. J. Warwick et al., Experimental observation of a current-driven instability in a neutral electron-positron beam 
         Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 , 185002 (2017)
    6. A. Hamad et al. Experimental Obsevation of thin-shell instability in a collision-less plasma
         Astrophysical Journal Letters 834, L21 (2017).

    7. G. Sarri et al. Generation of a neutral, high-density electron-positron plasma in the laboratory 
         Nature Commun. 6, 6747 (2015) 

    8. M. Dieckmann et al. Particle-In-Cell simulation study of the interaction between a relativistically moving leptonic micro-cloud
                                     and ambient electrons
      Astronomy and Astrophysics 577, A137 (2015).

    9. G. Sarri et al. Ultra-bright and collimated multi-MeV gamma-ray beams via laser-driven non-linear Thomson scattering 
          Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 224801 (2014).

    10. G. Sarri et al. Table-top laser-based source of femtosecond, collimated, ultra-relativistic positron beams 
      Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 255002 (2013)

    11. H. Ahmed et al. Time-resolved characterization of the formation of a collisionless shock 
      Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 205001 (2013). 

    12. G. Sarri et al. Dynamics of self-generated, large amplitude magnetic fields following high-intensity laser matter interaction
         Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 205002 (2012).

    13. S. Kar et al. Ion acceleration in multispecies targets driven by intense laser radiation pressure
      Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 185006 (2012).

    14. K. Quinn et al. Weibel-induced filamentation during ultrafast, laser-driven plasma expansion
         Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 135001 (2012)

    15. M. Dieckmann et al. PIC simulations of thermal anisotropy-driven Weibel instability in a circular rarefaction wave
            New J. Phys. 14, 023007 (2012).

    16. G. Sarri et al. Generation of a purely electrostatic collisionless shock during the expansion of a dense plasma through a rarefied           medium Phys. Rev. Lett.  107, 025003 (2011).

    17. G. Sarri et al. Spatially resolved measurements of laser filamentation in long scale length underdense plasmas with and without           beam smoothing Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 095001 (2011).

    18. G. Sarri et al. Observation of postsoliton expansion following laser propagation through an underdense plasma
            Phys. Rev. Lett 105, 175007 (2010).  

    19. S. Buffechoux et al. Hot electrons transverse refluxing in ultraintense laser-solid interactions
            Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 015005 (2010).

    20. K. Quinn et al. Laser-driven ultrafast field propagation on solid surfaces
         Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 194801 (2009). 

    21. A. Giulietti et al. Intense gamma-ray source in the giant-dipole-resonance range driven by 10-TW laser pulses  
             Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 105002 (2008).

  • Invited Talks at International Conferences


1. ELI-NP Summer School 2019, Sinaia Romania, Sept. 2019
   Probing strong-field QED with high-intensity lasers: rationale and current efforts

2. LUXE Workshop, DESY Hamburg, Apr. 2019
   Current experimental efforts in laser-driven strong-field QED
3. SPIE Optics and Optoelectronics, Prague Czech Republic, Apr 2019
      Petawatt laser physics: applications

4. EuPRAXIA workshop, Grainau Germany, Feb. 2019
   Positron beamlines: input for the Conceptual Design Report

5. Winter Colloquium on the Physics of Quantum Electronics, Utah US, Jan. 2019
   Experimental studies of strong field QED in the field of a high-intensity laser
6. UK Positron Workshop, Belfast, Dec. 2018
    Generation of high-quality positron beams using high-power lasers

7.  AAPPS-DPPS second Asia-Pacific Conference on Plasma Physics, Kanazawa Japan, Nov. 2018
      quantum electro-dynamics in the field of a high-intensity laser

 8. Workshop: probing strong-field QED in electron-photon interactions, DESY Hamburg, Aug. 2018 

        Recent experimental results on high-field quantum electro-dynamics

 9. Laser Physics, Notthingam UK July 2018:
            Radiation reaction studies with high-intensity lasers

 10. Colloquium at the Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland, May 2018:
            High-intensity laser-matter interactions: status and perspectives

 11. ALEGRO Workshop, Oxford UK, March 2018:
             Laser-driven positron sources for future colliders

 12. PWASC community meeting, Lonfdon UK, January 2018:
             Positron beams for all-optical colliders

 13. Ex-HILP, Lisbon Portugal, November 2017:
             Radiation reaction studies in the laboratory

 14. European Advanced Accelerator Concepts, Isola d-Elba, Italy, Sept 2017:
             Overview of laser-driven positron sources

 15. Ex-HILP, Lisbon, Portugal, Sept. 2017
              Experimental observation of strong radiation reaction in the field of an ultra-intense laser

 16. ELISS, ELI-NP PhD summer school, Romania, Aug. 2017           
              Laser-driven wakfield acceleration and applications

  17.  European Physical Society Conference, Belfast, UK, July 2017
              Radiation reaction studies in the field of an ultra-intense laser

 18. Frontiers in Plasma Physics, Spineto, Italy, May 2017
              Laser-driven generation of pair plasmas in the laboratory and their relevance to modelling astrophysical phenomena
 19. Solar Terrestrial and Experimental Plasma Physics Synergy, Leiden, Netherlands, Apr. 2017
               Experimental studies of collision-less shock waves in plasmas.
 20. 47th Winter Colloquium on the physics of quantum electronics Snowbird, Utah, US, Jan 2017:
Experimental studies of strong field quantum electrodynamics using ultra-high intensity lasers

 21. 43rd European Physical Society conference on plasma physics, Leuven Belgium, July 2016:
Laboratory studies of the dynamics of neutral electron-positron beams

22. Laser Optics 2016, St. Petersburg Russia, June 2016:
Electron beam dynamics in ultra-intense laser fields

 23. 2nd European Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop (EAAC), La Biodola Italy, Sept. 2015:
Ultra-high brilliance gamma ray beams generation

24.  SPIE Optics and Optoelectronics, Prague Czech Republic, Apr 2015:
Ultrahigh brilliance multi-MeV gamma-ray beams from non-linear Thomson scattering

25. Shock Acceleration: from the solar system to cosmology, The Lorentz Center, Leiden NL, Jan 2015:
Spatially and temporally resolved studies of collisionless shocks in the laboratory

26. High Performance Computing at CNAF: Accelerators and Plasma Physics, Bologna Italy, June 2014:
Non-linear Thomson scattering in a fully optical setup

27. Science with high-power lasers and plasmas, Pisa Italy, May 2014:
Laser-driven generation of ultra-bright MeV gamma-rays via non-linear Thomson scattering

28. 41st IOP plasma physics conference, London UK, Apr 2014:
Laboratory generation of high-density and neutral electron-positron plasmas

29. 3rd International Conference Frontiers in Diagnostic Techniques, INFN Rome Italy, Nov 2013:
Plasma radiography employing laser-driven proton beams.

 30. Advanced laser based sources of energetic particles and photons for diagnostics of High Energy Density Matter, Darmstadt                      Germany, Sept 2013:
Laser-electron interactions as a source of energetic, high-flux and collimated gamma-rays.

31. 40th European Physical Society conference on plasma physics, Espoo Finland, July 2013:
Laser-driven generation and acceleration of ultrarelativistic positron beams.

32. 5th International Scientific Spring, Islamabad Pakistan, March 2013:
Shocks and solitons in laser-driven plasmas.

33. Workshop on All Optical Thomson / Compton scattering with laser-plasma accelerators, Pisa Italy, Nov 2012:
 Experimental investigation of non-linear quantum electron dynamics using ultra high intensity lasers.

34. Light at Extreme Intensities (LEI 2011), Szeged Hungary, Nov 2011:
Employing laser-accelerated proton beams to diagnose high intensity laser-plasma interactions

35. 19th IPBPG conference, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast UK, May 2009:
Proton Radiography of laser produced plasmas of relevance to inertial confinement fusion